What are tonsil stones? Tonsil Stones are hard materials that form in the tonsil. They are also called tonsilloliths. Tonsil causes bad breath. Tonsil stones are formed by the food, dead cells, and other substances remain on the tonsil.
Tonsils stones are located at the back of the throat, they are small stones which form on tonsils. They are usually symptomless and cause minor breath problem. Some people may have single tonsil stones and some have many small formations.
Tonsils are made of tissues that contain lymphocytes cells which prevent and fight against infection and germs. They play an important role in the immune system, their function is to prevent or trap incoming virus and bacteria that are passing through your throat.
Tonsilloliths appear hard mass and they have various sizes, the largest tonsillolith was recorded as 14.5cm in 1936.
What causes Tonsil Stones
Tonsil basically protects the human body from bacteria or virus slipping into the lungs. They act as a filter against the bacteria and viruses particles. Some objects like food and other particles stuck on the surface of the tonsils, the grooves also called crypts, also collect old cells and bacteria.
There are white blood cells in the body which attacks objects trapped in the tonsils when the white blood cells are finished and hard particles remain on the tonsils. These objects or particles grow and become tonsils stones.
According to Dr.Alan Greene, tonsil stones are most common in youngster and those with large tonsils.
Symptoms of Tonsil Stones
Generally, tonsilloliths are symptomless. But still, they cause noticeable symptoms which are listed below.
- Bad Breath
- Ear Pain
- Swollen tonsils
- ongoing cough
- Sore throat
- white or yellow debris on the tonsil
- Trouble swallowing
How To Get Rid of Tonsil Stones
Tonsilloliths are not harmful, they can be treated at home or you can remove it through surgery. The correct treatment of tonsil stones depends upon the size of tonsillolith. You have many options through which you can get rid of tonsil tonsilloliths.
10 Treatments You Can Try to Get Rid Of Tonsil Stones are given below.
Low-Pressure irrigator, such as water flosser, can help in removing the tonsilloliths. To do this you should stand in front of a mirror and spray the water towards the tonsil stones.
You should be careful while removing tonsilloliths, as it can befall toward the back of the throat and might be cause coughing. Remember one thing that doesn’t try this method on children, who could congest.
You can also use this method regularly to prevent tonsilloliths from forming.
You can also remove the tonsilloliths with your toothbrush. Spin the brush and use the non bristled side of the brush to remove the tonsil stones from the back of the throat.
Brushing the tongue with teeth regularly maybe help in reducing the number of bacteria from the mouth and also it will prevent future tonsil stones developing.
As with the cotton swab method, there is a chance of injury. So most people adopt this method and through toothbrush, they remove the tonsil stones. Never use this method with the children, as there is danger of them choking.
There is another method of removing the tonsilloliths called saltwater gargle. It is the easiest method and you can try it at home.
You can prepare it by adding a teaspoon of salt to a cup of warm water. Gargle the liquid for 10-15 seconds.
This method can also help in removing the tonsilloliths. Swishing a nonalcoholic mouthwash around the mouth can also help loosen tonsilloliths and reduce the number of bacteria in the mouth. Fewer bacteria can help in preventing the formation of tonsil stones.
5-Apple cider vinegar gargle
Gargling with apple cider vinegar can also help in removing the tonsil stones. Mix one spoon of apple cider vinegar in one cup of warm water and gargle three times a day, this is helpful against the tonsilloliths
Some people use this method, try to daub tonsil stones from the back of the throat. This method is a little risky, maybe it causes an injury. So you must concern to a doctor before trying this method. Never attempt to use this method on children.
7-Laser tonsil cryptolysis
In this method, a laser is used to erase the crypts where tonsil stones grew. Local anesthesia is used during this procedure. In this method the recovery time and discomfort are minimal.
In this method, radio waves transform a solution of salt into the charged ions. These ions can cut through tissue. Same to the laser, coblation cryptolysis also remove the tonsil crypts but through this method, the burning sensation is less.
A tonsillectomy is a surgery to remove the tonsilloliths. Devices use in this method are laser, scalpel, etc.
Adopting this procedure for tonsilloliths is disputed. This method is adopted at the end when all other procedures fail. So the doctor who recommends this method for tonsilloliths tend to use it for chronic cases ad severe.
Antibiotics can be used in some cases to deal with the tonsilloliths. They are used to reduce the bacteria counts that play an essential role growth and development of the tonsil stones.
On the other side, there are some side effects of these antibiotics and also you can not use them for the long term, which means the tonsilloliths will return after you stop using the antibiotics.
How to Prevent Tonsil Stones
Preventing the growth of tonsilloliths are almost impossible. You can remove it with surgery, this procedure is known as a tonsillectomy. In this procedure, the tissues of the tonsils are removed entirely, So thereby eliminating the possibility of tonsillolith formation. Frequently brushing and flossing can help in reducing the tonsil stones.
Tonsil stones are yellowish hard mass formed in the tonsil. They are also called tonsillolith. Tonsil stones are gathering of bacteria and debris in the crypts in tonsils. White blood cells in the body attacks on a particle trapped in tonsil and when these cells finished, the remaining material grew into tonsilloliths.
The main symptoms of this disease are bad breath, ear pain, and sore throat. There are many types of treatment which you can try to remove it. Preventing it is almost impossible. You can prevent it through a surgery called tonsillectomy.
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